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Chlamydia

Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterium that can cause a sexually transmitted infection (STI). ) You can get chlamydial infection during oral vaginal or anal sexual contact with an infected partner. This term derives from the name of the bacterial genus Chlamydia in the family Chlamydiaceae order Chlamydiales class and phylum Chlamydiae . Although you may not have heard its name, chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. Because there often aren't any symptoms, though lots of people can have chlamydia and not know it. If someone touches bodily fluids that contain the bacteria and then touches his or her eye a chlamydial eye infection is possible. One strain occurs primarily in the tropics and causes lymphogranuloma venereum symptoms include skin lesions and swelling of certain glands in the genital area. Chlamydia also can be passed from a mother to her baby while the baby is being delivered. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. Each year, as many as 3 million people in the United States are infected with chlamydia. The disease affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups though it's most prevalent among U.S. teenagers. This can cause pneumonia and conjuntivitis, which can become very serious for the baby if it's not treated.

Chlamydia is a disease transmitted when people have sexual relations. The bacteria can move from one person to another through sexual intercourse, and possibly through oral-genital contact. Chlamydia is the name of several types of bacteria. Chlamydia trachoma , for example, has been a major cause of blindness for centuries. It can cause serious problems in men and women, such as penile discharge and infertility respectively, as well as infections in newborn babies of infected mothers. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases estimates that the cost of chlamydial infections and subsequent complications exceeds $2 billion annually. Though Chlamydia pneumonia can cause a type of walking pneumonia, and Chlamydia psittaci can cause a type of pneumonia caused by birds, it is Chlamydia trachomatis that causes various sexually transmitted diseases.  Chlamydia is known as the "silent epidemic". It is called a Silent Epidemic because 75% of the women and 50% of the men with the disease have no symptoms. The disease isn't difficult to treat once you know you have it. If it's left untreated, however, chlamydia can lead to more-serious health problems.

Causes of Chlamydia

The common Causes of Chlamydia :

  • Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium.
  • Chlamydial transmission usually is caused by sexual contact through oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse. The incubation period is 1-3 weeks.
  • Neonatal infection may occur secondary to passage through the birth canal of an infected mother. Two thirds of infants born to mothers with chlamydia develop an infection.
  • A person is at higher risk if he or she has more than one sexual partner or doesn't practice safer sex measures, such as using condoms.
  • A newborn baby is at risk of chlamydia infection if the mother has a chlamydia infection involving the birth canal.
  • Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacterium that causes chlamydia and trachoma, an eye disease.
  • The bacterium is found in infected body fluids from the penis or vagina and spread by direct sexual contact.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

Some Symptoms of Chlamydia :

  • Painful urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Discharge from the penis in men
  • Painful sexual intercourse in women
  • Testicular pain in men
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Rectal pain or discharge

Treatment of Chlamydia

  • Early treatment of chlamydia involves taking a course of antibiotic tablets either as a single dose or a longer course (up to two weeks).
  • You may also need other treatment if complications have occurred.
  • The antibiotics that are used to treat chlamydia interact with the combined contraceptive pill and the contraceptive patch. Tell the doctor or nurse if you are using these methods so they can advise you on how to ensure you are protected from pregnancy.
  • Provide information and counseling to prevent future STDs and consider referral for HIV testing.
  • There is currently no evidence that complementary therapies can cure chlamydia.
  • If there is a high chance you have the infection, treatment may be started before the results of the test are back. You will always be given treatment if your partner is found to have chlamydia.
  • Do tell the doctor or nurse if you are pregnant, or think you might be, or you are breastfeeding. This may affect the type of antibiotic that you are given.
  • Encourage the patient to abstain from sexual intercourse until after treatment and testing of all partners is completed

 


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