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Inclusion Conjunctivitis

Inclusion conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, or white of the eye. Clinical signs include large lymphoid follicles and papillary hyperplasia of the palpebral conjunctiva, with or without conjunctivitis. Conditions that cause chronic conjunctivitis include ectropion, entropion, blepharitis, and chronic dacryocystitis. Bacterial infections are less frequent. Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are quite contagious, easily passing from one person to another, or from a person's infected eye to his uninfected eye. Nonallergic conjunctival irritation can result from foreign bodies; wind, dust, smoke, fumes, chemical vapors, and other types of air pollution; and intense ultraviolet light of electric arcs, sunlamps, and reflection from snow. Inclusion conjunctivitis is a particularly long-lasting form of conjunctivitis caused by certain strains of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis . Another type of conjunctivitis is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), a sexually transmitted disease that also may spread to the eye. Severe infections may scar the conjunctiva, causing abnormalities in the tear film. Sometimes, severe conjunctival infections spread to the cornea, the transparent part of the eye. Chlamydiae are found in parts of the body with a mucosal membrane, which are the eye, the respiratory tract, and the genitourinary tract.

Causes of Inclusion Conjunctivitis

The common Causes of Inclusion Conjunctivitis :

  • Neisseria gonorrhea
  • Haemophilus influenza
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Symptoms of Inclusion Conjunctivitis

Some Symptoms of Inclusion Conjunctivitis :

  • Itchy, irritated eyes
  • Discomfort when the child looks at a light
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Redness of the conjunctiva
  • Burning in the eyes
  • Sneezing and runny nose (usually see with allergic causes)
  • Lesion with a crusty appearance (usually seen with herpes infection)

Treatment of Inclusion Conjunctivitis

  • Treatment for conjunctivitis caused by allergies usually will involve treating the allergies. Your child's physician may order oral medications or eye drops to help with the allergies.
  • Viral conjunctivitis usually does not require treatment. Your child's physician may order antibiotic drops for the eyes to help decrease the chance of a secondary infection.
  • If your child has an infection of the eye caused by a herpes infection, your child's physician may refer you to an eye care specialist. Your child may be given both oral medications and eye drops. This is a more serious type of infection and may result in scarring of the eye and loss of vision.
  • Your child's physician may order antibiotic drops to put in the eyes.

 


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